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The silver of the House of Menander at Pompeii

A real treasure! The objects displayed in the pictures are the silver found in December of 1930 in the House of Menander, in the double floor of the baths where they had been hidden almost 20 centuries before.  The set is composed of 118 objects including bowls, cups and drinking jugs  (argentum potorium), dishes and trays to eat (argentum escarium), spoons, ladles, salt shakers and other objects including two stunning mirrors.

the silver of the house of Menander

The set having a total weight of about 24 kilograms, was kept in the bottom of a wooden coffin wrapped in a blanket; in the upper part were kept  the family jewels and a bag of golden and silver coins, the silver set was in the bottom.

Some of drinking cups with depicted birds document the best gold production of the late republican and early imperial age.

Menander tresure

The objects are decorated with embossed motifs, there are  landscapes, mythological scenes such as  the representation of the 12 labors of Hercules, scenes from the myth of Dionysus,  chariot races and olive trees branches.

Menander

The pottery is composed of a set of dishes, plates, cups and bowls, egg cups and a large plate that was used to bring food to the table. A small tray  with a gold emblem in the center  is supposed it was exposed on the table.

The entire set is currently preserved in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.

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Cape Misenum, the Rome foremost military port

Miseno

According to the mythology Misenum was named after Misenus, a companion of Hector and trumpeter on the Aeneas ship as recounted in Virgil’s poem.

Cape Miseno is the headland that marks the northwestern limit of the Gulf of Naples as well as the Bay of Pozzuoli in southern Italy. The cape is directly across from the island of Procida and is named for Misenus, a character in Virgil’s Aeneid.

Misenum was the largest base of the Roman navy, since its port (Portus Julius) was the base of the Classis Misenensis, the most important Roman fleet. It was first established as a naval base in 27 BC by Marcus Agrippa, the right-hand man of the emperor Augustus.

In 38 BC, Misenum was the site where a short-lived pact was made between Octavian and his rival Sextus Pompeius.

With its gorgeous natural setting close to the naval base and the nearby important Roman cities of Puteoli and Neapolis, Misenum became the site of Roman luxury villas.

Pliny the Elder was the praefectus classis in charge of the naval fleet at Misenum in AD 79, at the time of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius visible to the south across the Bay of Naples.

Seeing the beginnings of the eruption, Pliny left for a closer view in Stabia and to effect a possible rescue, and was killed by the eruption.

The account of his death is given by his nephew Pliny the Younger, who was also resident in Misenum at the time.

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pliny_route

The Pliny’s route

In Miseno there is the biggest Roman cistern  of drinkable water ever built called Piscina Mirabilis, realized during the Augustan period. Entirely excavated in the tufa rock, it has a capacity of 12.000 cubic meter of water, it’s 15 meters high, 72 m long and 25 m wide and it is covered by a vault, supported by 48 enormous cruciform pillars to form five long naves. The cistern was built to collect water for the fleet of the Roman Empire that docked in Miseno’s harbour.

It represented the final tank of the Augustan aqueduct (Aqua Augusta) that, from its springs in Serino and for 100 kilometers, brought water to Naples and the Phlegrean Fields.

piscina mirabilis

Piscina Mirabilis at Miseno

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The Forum of Pompeii with Emiliano

The forum in Pompeii was a large open space of a rectangular shape, surrounded by political buildings,  temples, markets and porticos.
It was an urban center, the main square of the city, home to town’s main civic, commercial and religious institutions. The center of life and interest for its citizens, a bustling crowd that came here every day to meet, gossip, run business or worship.

A must see when visiting Pompeii!

Request your visit:

http://www.pompeiin.com
info@pompeiin.com
+39 3284134719

A special tour at Pompeii

My job as a tour guide allows me to meet a number of people, most of them very interesting.
A few days ago I guided at Pompeii a couple of tourists, Tony and Tatiana.

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Tony is a young person, totally blind and 80% deaf in both ears without his hearing aids.

He has a great passion for travels and he has visited all seven of the World’s continents.

He has written several books about his world adventures.

The books are travel diaries of the observations and experiences of a blind man as he travels around the world.

I invite everyone to visit his nice site

http://www.tonythetraveller.com/

 

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Book Information:

Seeing The World My Way

A totally blind and partially deaf guy’s global adventures

Seeing the World My Way follows Tony Giles’ journey of hedonism and thrill-seeking adventure as he travels across North America, Asia and Australasia. Full of drama, danger and discovery, this fascinating travel biography is a young blind man’s view of the world as he sets out to achieve his dream, dealing with disability whilst living life to the limit.

Paperback published by SilverWood Originals. Price £8.99. ISBN 978-1-906236-38-0. 224 pages.

UPDATE: The e-book is available now from BristoleBooks, and also on Amazon.

Seeing The World My Way is now available to order from most bookshops, on Amazon, and directly from the publisher at silverwoodbooks.co.uk/my-way.

 

 

 

 

The Theaters of Pompeii

The two centers of entertainment in Pompeii were the Amphitheater, located in the eastern part of the city, and the Theaters located further west, near Port Stabiana.

From the VI century BC. C. Greeks used  natural slopes were used to construct the stands. In Pompeii the neighborhood of the theaters included several important buildings.

The Teatro Grande is dated the second century BC. It has preserved its original appearance despite the constant remakes, including the restoration of the Augustan age. The scene that was originally with floors in imitation of the front of a building, was entirely rebuilt after the damage reported by the earthquake of 62 AD. C. In the Augustan era were built parodoi, side aisles covered access to the orchestra, gaining on them of the boxes (tribunalia) for guests of honor. One of parodoi is connected to a courtyard with a staircase leading to the Triangular Forum.

The cavea (tiers) is divided into three areas, that were said: ima reserved for senators, media to the guilds of the middle class, and summa for the populace.

This theater could accommodate about 5000 spectators, was restored during the Bourbon age and has, unfortunately, recently had a questionable vigorous action.

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The Odeion or Small Theatre, formed a homogeneous group with the Teatro Grande, it could accommodate about 500 spectators, was smaller then the previous and covered with a roof. Was used for musical auditions, although some recent speculations recognize it as a building for political meetings. The construction of the building around 80 BC was financed by the two magistrates C. Q. Valgus and M. Porcius. Even here there were tribunalia intended for privileged spectators, and the auditorium was divided into three sectors. The decorations were very elegant, it is shown by the marbled orchestra and the two stone telamons found on the steps.

theater map Pompeii

Map of the theater district

Teatro grande

The big Theater in Pompeii

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The eruptions of the Vesuvius in the course of time

Vesuvius

Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.

Date Eruption type Notes
79 explosive Ash-fall, pomices and lahars
472 effusive-explosive Lava flow and lahars to north-western flank
512 ??? —–
26 February 685 effusive Imposing lava flow
787 effusive-explosive Lahars and imposing lava flow
968 ??? Lava flow to sea
27 January 1037 ??? Lava flow to sea
29 May 1139 explosive Ash-fall
1500 explosive Ash-fall
16 December 1631 effusive-explosive Cone collapse; lava flow to sea
3 July 1660 explosive Ash-fall to north-east flank
13 April 1694 effusive Lava toward Torre del Greco
25 May 1698 effusive-explosive Damage by ash-fall to south-east flank
28 July 1707 effusive-explosive —–
20 May 1737 effusive-explosive A lava flow invades T. del Greco; ash-fall and lahars
23 December 1760 effusive-explosive Opening of lateral vents on southern flank (150 m asl)
19 October 1767 effusive-explosive Two lava flows toward T.Annunziata and S. Giorgio a C.
8 August 1779 explosive Ash and bombs over Ottaviano
15 June 1794 effusive-explosive Opening of lateral vents on SO flank (470 m asl)
22 October 1822 effusive-explosive Two lava flows toward T. del Greco and Boscotrecase
23 August 1834 effusive-explosive

A lava flow toward Poggiomarino

6 February 1850 effusive-explosive —–
1 May 1855 effusive A lava flow invades Massa and S.Sebastiano
8 December 1861 effusive-explosive Opening of lateral vents on SO flank (290 m asl)
15 November 1868 effusive —–
24 April 1872 effusive-explosive A lava flow invades Massa and S.Sebastiano
4 April 1906 effusive-explosive A lava flow toward T.Annunziata, strong explosive activity
3 June 1929 effusive-explosive A lava flow toward Terzigno
18 March 1944 effusive-explosive A lava flow invades Massa and S.Sebastiano
652px-Mt_Vesuvius_79_AD_eruption_3.svg

The 79AD eruption

Vesuvius Tour:

At the top of the volcano is a crater rim that affords a view into the crater that still fumes slightly. Besides that you will have a stunning panorama overseeing the Bay of Naples, Capri, Ischia, the edge of the Sorrento coast and more. Everyone has to walk up the last 500m steeply uphill. Closed-in shoes are essential.

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A tour at Pompeii with a legend of the rock music

A tour at Pompeii with a lengend of the rock miusic

The legendary Malcom Young of the ACDC

He come the last 25th of August 2013 from London with his lovely family.
Very nice and friendly people, have been a pleasure guiding them around the ancient Pompeii.

You too must come to visit the most fascinating archaeological site in the world.
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www.pompeiin.com

info@pompeiin.com

tel. +39 3284134719

Skype: Archeoemy

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