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The Baptistery of St. Giovanni in Fonte next to the Church of St. Restituta is considered the most ancient Baptistery of the western Mediterranean.
The building, probably founded in the second half of the fourth century by Severo, Bishop of Naples, is characterized by a squared-plan whose edges create an octagonal drum culminating in a dome. This unique structure has oriental architectural elements and wonderful mosaics.
They are among the most precious ones, certainly more ancient than the ones in Rome and Ravenna.
Under the dome there is a baptismal font, dug out of the floor, where the Catechumen knelt and were baptized with ablutions of water. The newly baptized could have risen up their faces and admire the extraordinary mosaics which introduced them to a mystic and holy world.
The two centers of entertainment in Pompeii were the Amphitheater, located in the eastern part of the city, and the Theaters located further west, near Port Stabiana.
From the VI century BC. C. Greeks used natural slopes were used to construct the stands. In Pompeii the neighborhood of the theaters included several important buildings.
The Teatro Grande is dated the second century BC. It has preserved its original appearance despite the constant remakes, including the restoration of the Augustan age. The scene that was originally with floors in imitation of the front of a building, was entirely rebuilt after the damage reported by the earthquake of 62 AD. C. In the Augustan era were built parodoi, side aisles covered access to the orchestra, gaining on them of the boxes (tribunalia) for guests of honor. One of parodoi is connected to a courtyard with a staircase leading to the Triangular Forum.
The cavea (tiers) is divided into three areas, that were said: ima reserved for senators, media to the guilds of the middle class, and summa for the populace.
This theater could accommodate about 5000 spectators, was restored during the Bourbon age and has, unfortunately, recently had a questionable vigorous action.
The Odeion or Small Theatre, formed a homogeneous group with the Teatro Grande, it could accommodate about 500 spectators, was smaller then the previous and covered with a roof. Was used for musical auditions, although some recent speculations recognize it as a building for political meetings. The construction of the building around 80 BC was financed by the two magistrates C. Q. Valgus and M. Porcius. Even here there were tribunalia intended for privileged spectators, and the auditorium was divided into three sectors. The decorations were very elegant, it is shown by the marbled orchestra and the two stone telamons found on the steps.
The legendary Malcom Young of the ACDC
He come the last 25th of August 2013 from London with his lovely family.
Very nice and friendly people, have been a pleasure guiding them around the ancient Pompeii.
You too must come to visit the most fascinating archaeological site in the world.
tel. +39 3284134719