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The boat of Heeculaneum

The well preserved fishing boat was found in 1984 during the excavations of the beach. It was totally carbonized form the Vesuvius eruption of the year 79 AD. Suddenly after the discovery was patiently restaured and consolidated by italian specialists in the presevatin of the ancient wood. This extraordaniry find is now displayed in a museum next to the archaeological site. Unfortunately, the museum is only occasionally open becaus of the luck of fundings.

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An ancient harbour brought to light in the center of Naples

Immagine

The realization of the Line 1 of Naples underground allowed the reconstruction of the landscape, the topography and the functions of the coast between the sites of Partenope and Neapolis.
The station of Piazza Municipio stands inside an ancient creek, that used to stretch out on a tuff promontory from Castel Nuovo to the Ferry station and the area around the Church di Santa Maria di Porto Salvo.
In the Piazza Municipio have been brought to light the I century A.C. ruins of an harbour (whose deepest seabed are notched by dredgings datable between the end of the IV century and the second half of the III century B.C.) with a quay in calcareous rock supported by wooden poles, perpendicular to the coastline, along which were abandoned two boats ( shipwreck A and C) and a third one (shipwreck B) of the end of the II and beginning of the III century A.C. At the beginning of the V century A.C., the harbor basin became swampy; the piazza Municipio, during the Middle Ages, was characterized by the presence of house ruins around the Castel Nuovo, destroyed at the beginning of the 16th century for the construction of bastions.

By http://www.incampania.com

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Immagine

 

 

Piazza Municipio map

Piazza Municipio map

Pompeii in 3 D – Film

Pompeii 3 D - Film

Pompeii 3 D – Film

Pompeii (referred to by marketing as Pompeii in 3D) is an upcoming American disaster-adventure film co-written, produced and directed by Paul W. S. Anderson, the film starsKit HaringtonEmily BrowningCarrie-Anne MossAdewale Akinnuoye-AgbajeJessica Lucas, with Jared Harris, and Kiefer Sutherland.

 

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anfiteatro(2h)

A christian treasure of Naples!

The Baptistery of St. Giovanni in Fonte next to the Church of St. Restituta is considered the most ancient Baptistery of the western Mediterranean.

The building, probably founded in the second half of the fourth century by Severo, Bishop of Naples, is characterized by a squared-plan whose edges create an octagonal drum culminating in a dome. This unique structure has oriental architectural elements and wonderful mosaics.

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Baptistery of St. Giovanni in Naples

They are among the most precious ones, certainly more ancient than the ones in Rome and Ravenna.

Under the dome there is a  baptismal font, dug out of the floor, where the Catechumen knelt and were baptized with ablutions of water. The newly baptized could have risen up their faces and admire the extraordinary mosaics which introduced them to a mystic and holy world.

 

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Cape Misenum, the Rome foremost military port

Miseno

According to the mythology Misenum was named after Misenus, a companion of Hector and trumpeter on the Aeneas ship as recounted in Virgil’s poem.

Cape Miseno is the headland that marks the northwestern limit of the Gulf of Naples as well as the Bay of Pozzuoli in southern Italy. The cape is directly across from the island of Procida and is named for Misenus, a character in Virgil’s Aeneid.

Misenum was the largest base of the Roman navy, since its port (Portus Julius) was the base of the Classis Misenensis, the most important Roman fleet. It was first established as a naval base in 27 BC by Marcus Agrippa, the right-hand man of the emperor Augustus.

In 38 BC, Misenum was the site where a short-lived pact was made between Octavian and his rival Sextus Pompeius.

With its gorgeous natural setting close to the naval base and the nearby important Roman cities of Puteoli and Neapolis, Misenum became the site of Roman luxury villas.

Pliny the Elder was the praefectus classis in charge of the naval fleet at Misenum in AD 79, at the time of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius visible to the south across the Bay of Naples.

Seeing the beginnings of the eruption, Pliny left for a closer view in Stabia and to effect a possible rescue, and was killed by the eruption.

The account of his death is given by his nephew Pliny the Younger, who was also resident in Misenum at the time.

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The Pliny’s route

In Miseno there is the biggest Roman cistern  of drinkable water ever built called Piscina Mirabilis, realized during the Augustan period. Entirely excavated in the tufa rock, it has a capacity of 12.000 cubic meter of water, it’s 15 meters high, 72 m long and 25 m wide and it is covered by a vault, supported by 48 enormous cruciform pillars to form five long naves. The cistern was built to collect water for the fleet of the Roman Empire that docked in Miseno’s harbour.

It represented the final tank of the Augustan aqueduct (Aqua Augusta) that, from its springs in Serino and for 100 kilometers, brought water to Naples and the Phlegrean Fields.

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Piscina Mirabilis at Miseno

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The House of the Chaste Lovers at Pompeii

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The House of the Chaste Lovers gets its name from a symposiac painting depicting a couple exchanging a sensual yet chaste kiss during an outdoor summer banquet organized by two men, accompanied with courtesans lounging on beds under a canopy, where music and dance are the frame for wine and love.

The building is actually a bakery with a dining room and annexed living rooms. The walls were decorated with the above painting and two other similar scenes that show, ironically, the “downside” of such merry banquets.

The structure also contains the carcasses in situ of the mules used to drive the millstone for grinding the wheat. The wood-burning oven is clearly visible in the central courtyard. It is very similar to its modern-day counterparts still in use locally, mainly as pizza ovens. The individual steps in the bread-making process are clearly distinguishable in the well-organized bakery setup.

Numerous observations of the repairing works underway in the bakery at the time of the catastrophic eruption reveal that these works were not addressed to repair damages suffered because of the earthquake of 62 AD, but to repair damages caused by the earthquake of just few days before the fateful eruption, maybe an alert. It may also be deduced that other repair works underway at the time in the various buildings of Pompeii can also be attributed to this premonitory sign and not to earthquake of 18 years before. This significantly alters our understanding of the economy and society of Pompeii in the final decades, formerly considered unable to promptly react to the catastrophe and needing a great deal of time for the reconstruction after the earthquake of 62 AD.

The three-dimensional of the garden of the house

The three-dimensional of the garden of the house of the Chaste Lovers

The three-dimensional of the garden of the house
In 2005, on the occasion of the 11th edition of “Three days for the garden” organized by the Italian Environmental Fund (FAI) at the Castello di Masino (Turin), was presented the reconstruction of the Pompeian garden of the house of the Chaste Lovers.
The plastic measuring nine square meters (3.30 x 2.50 m.), made with live plants from the Applied Research Laboratory of the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii, rebuilt in all its parts the garden of the House, by a work of investigation conducted on the flower beds and the cavities left by the roots on the ground. The paleo-botanical surveys conducted on the remains came to light at the end of the eighties have allowed the reconstruction of the ancient flora and garden, through the identification of pollen, seeds, and wood.
The garden measuring about 100 square meters and consisted of flowerbeds and tucked divided by paths in clay. In particular, the beds in question formed a complex geometric design, created taking into account the layout of the rooms that once lined so as to lengthen prospectively the depth of the garden itself.

A “transparent” construction site

In 2010, thanks to an initiative launched by the Superintendency of the excavations of Pompeii it was possible to visit the construction site of the Chaste Lovers. It was possible to relive the excitement of archaeological discovery live, thanks to the presence of archaeologists and restorers at work. Through a system of suspended walkways, it was possible to observe from above, perfectly preserved oven of the bakery, the two stables with animal skeletons, a garden faithfully reconstructed and wonderful frescoes and mosaics. A series of multimedia technologies reproduce the virtual reconstruction of the function of the various rooms.
The archaeological works were visible even by way of Abundance through the clear panels. After years of neglect, the site was in fact totally secured and fitted with a cover that ensures the protection, conservation and enhancement.

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Lupanar (the brothel)

LupanarProstitutes were called ‘lupae’, and the word ‘lupanare’ indicated a brothel. In Pompeii, 25 different brothels have been found. There were entire houses used for this purpose such as the one found in Regio VII having 10 small rooms with stone beds that were then covered with matrasses. Five rooms were on the ground floor and five upstairs and could be reached through a small wooden stair. Along the ground floor corridor, paintings of erotic scenes have been found, probably used as a sort of catalogue for the possible requests or more realistically just as a collection of images from the ‘Schemato Veneris’, one of the illustrated manuals of ‘ars amatoria’ written by the female poets Philainis and Elephantis from Samo in the III  and IV centuries B.C.

In this brothel, a number of inscriptions, comments and names were found, which helped to identify at least 80 prostitutes and clients. It is also possible to identify the sexual preferences and sometimes the contagious sexual diseases transmitted. Contraceptive methods were used such as oils and the insertion of wool soaked in lemon juice.

The “lupanares” could be located at the top of the shops such as the ‘cauponae’ or above the baths and sometimes they were just single rooms placed along the roads or inside private houses.

In ancient Rome prostitution was commonly accepted. Catone the censor, although famously strict according to Horace (Satires), once saw a young person coming out of a ‘lupanar’ and praised him because he had let out his sexual appetite with a prostitute rather than doing it with someone else’s wife. Clients usually belonged to low social classes: they were mainly merchants and foreign sailors. Prostitutes were slaves and their earnings went entirely to their owner called Lenone. The average price was 2 aces, the price of a glass of wine.

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