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The restoration of the bread of Pompeii

Piece by piece. With great patience, Antonio Stampone, technical Research Laboratory of the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii, is recovering along with the loaves of bread transformed into hard lumps of coal from the cloud of hot gas and ash in 79 AD, poured on the southern slope of Mount Vesuvius.


Fresco from Pompeii, Archaeological Museum of Naples


Patience and glue. The bread in the Vesuvius, in the first century after Christ was marked in a way that it can be easily broken and divided into segments. Panis was called quadratus. The piece of bread could be obtained by breaking the loaf along the lines that branched radially from the center of the form.

With about thirty public bakeries, the pistrina, Pompeii shows, therefore, how the bread was the main food of the time. There were many types of bread: emmer, first quality, second quality, less refined, for legionnaires, for sailors, then that consumed by poor people or dogs. The work had reached perfection and the bread was also claimed in graffiti. “Viator – reciting one of them – Pompeis panem gustas, Nuceriae Bibes ‘or’ traveling, eating the bread of Pompeii but drink wine in Nocera.”

Eighty-one of the loaves sometimes fragmented to become fine powder, were found in 1862, in the oven so-called “Modesto” in the firing chamber again sealed by a little iron.


Emiliano shows a brick oven to bake bread

Pistrina SAP-03(1)


If you want to know more book a tour with us!

Information and advice for visiting Pompeii

scavi pompei turisti 08 0048_Public_Notizie_270_470_3


Porta Marina (Marina Gate) – Piazza Esedra (Esedra Square) – Piazza Anfiteatro (Amphitheater Square)

Opening times
The Pompeii archeological site is open dailyApr–Oct 8:30am to 7:30pm, Nov–Mar 8:30am–5pm.
The last entry is 90 minutes before closing.

How to get to Pompeii
By train
Marina Gate and Esedra square:
From Naples, take the half-hourly local Circumvesuviana train toward Sorrento and get off at “Pompei Scavi-Villa dei Misteri” (27–40 min.)

Amphitheater Square:

Circumvesuviana Naples-Poggiomarino (stop Pompei Santuario)
State Rayilway Naples – Salerno (stop Pompei)

By Bus:
SITA from Naples and Salerno
CSTP n.4 from Salerno
CSTP n 50 from Salerno (by highway)

By car:
Highway A3 Naples-Salerno (exit Pompei ovest)

Full € 11,00
Reduced € 5,50 (*)

With access to sites 5 (Pompeii, Herculaneum and Oplontis, Stabia, Antiquarium of Boscoreale – validity 3 days)
Full: € 20.00
Reduced: € 10.00 (*)

(Oplontis, Stabia and Antiquarium of Boscoreale) 
Full: € 5.50 
Reduced: € 2.75 (*)

Free for EU citizens under 18 years or over 65 years
(*) Reduced: for EU citizens aged between 18 and 24 years of age and for teachers of the European Union.
The free tickets and reduced can be issued only upon presentation of a valid identity document.

A useful service cloakroom is active at the entrances where you can also leave your luggage.
Inside the excavations there is a refreshment point equipped with bar and self-service.
For the schools the reservation is mandatory.

Walking tour at Pompeii along "Via dell'Abbondanza"

Walking tour at Pompeii with Emiliano along “Via dell’Abbondanza”

How much time does it take to visit pompeii?

Pompeii is an entire city and to visit it would take a full day, but to have an “idea” of the ancient city, is necessary you will be spending at least 2 hours inside the ancient city of Pompeii excavation site, that’s the minimum you need to experience the site and get an idea of what it’s all about.

For this reason, you have to contact an experienced guide who will be able to show you the highlights according to the time at your disposal.        

General Tips:

> Bring bottled water, a hat with a brim, and sun block—it’s hard to escape the sun at Pompeii, and the dust is everywhere.

> Wear comfortable shoes

>Use the toilet before you enter the site, there are some at the main entrance. Once you enter the ruins, there is only one close to the main entrance and that’s about it. You don’t want to walk for 15 minutes from one side of Pompeii ruins to the other side when you really need to go!
>Photographs and filming are authorized for private use
>Smoking is not permitted
>Pets are not allowed on the site




For your tour:


tel. +39 3284134719

Skype: Archeoemy

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