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At the time of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79 the Roman fleet under the command of Pliny the Elder was stationed across the Bay of Naples at Misenum.
Pliny was a scientist, a historian and a naturalist and he felt the need to get closer to observe the phenomenon of the eruption.
He decided to land in Stabia, where lived his friend, but he died because of the toxic gases.
Pliny’s nephew, whom we know as Pliny the Younger, was with him at Misenum, but did not venture out on the ships with his uncle. He stayed back at Misenum and observed the events from there. He also received first-hand reports from those who had been with his uncle at his death. Based on this information Pliny the Younger wrote two letters to the historian Tacitus that recount the events surrounding the eruption of Vesuvius and the death of Pliny the Elder.
The letters survive and provide a vivid account of the events.
Pompeii (referred to by marketing as Pompeii in 3D) is an upcoming American disaster-adventure film co-written, produced and directed by Paul W. S. Anderson, the film starsKit Harington, Emily Browning, Carrie-Anne Moss, Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, Jessica Lucas, with Jared Harris, and Kiefer Sutherland.
The forum in Pompeii was a large open space of a rectangular shape, surrounded by political buildings, temples, markets and porticos.
It was an urban center, the main square of the city, home to town’s main civic, commercial and religious institutions. The center of life and interest for its citizens, a bustling crowd that came here every day to meet, gossip, run business or worship.
A must see when visiting Pompeii!
Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world.
|79||explosive||Ash-fall, pomices and lahars|
|472||effusive-explosive||Lava flow and lahars to north-western flank|
|26 February 685||effusive||Imposing lava flow|
|787||effusive-explosive||Lahars and imposing lava flow|
|968||???||Lava flow to sea|
|27 January 1037||???||Lava flow to sea|
|29 May 1139||explosive||Ash-fall|
|16 December 1631||effusive-explosive||Cone collapse; lava flow to sea|
|3 July 1660||explosive||Ash-fall to north-east flank|
|13 April 1694||effusive||Lava toward Torre del Greco|
|25 May 1698||effusive-explosive||Damage by ash-fall to south-east flank|
|28 July 1707||effusive-explosive||—–|
|20 May 1737||effusive-explosive||A lava flow invades T. del Greco; ash-fall and lahars|
|23 December 1760||effusive-explosive||Opening of lateral vents on southern flank (150 m asl)|
|19 October 1767||effusive-explosive||Two lava flows toward T.Annunziata and S. Giorgio a C.|
|8 August 1779||explosive||Ash and bombs over Ottaviano|
|15 June 1794||effusive-explosive||Opening of lateral vents on SO flank (470 m asl)|
|22 October 1822||effusive-explosive||Two lava flows toward T. del Greco and Boscotrecase|
|23 August 1834||effusive-explosive||
A lava flow toward Poggiomarino
|6 February 1850||effusive-explosive||—–|
|1 May 1855||effusive||A lava flow invades Massa and S.Sebastiano|
|8 December 1861||effusive-explosive||Opening of lateral vents on SO flank (290 m asl)|
|15 November 1868||effusive||—–|
|24 April 1872||effusive-explosive||A lava flow invades Massa and S.Sebastiano|
|4 April 1906||effusive-explosive||A lava flow toward T.Annunziata, strong explosive activity|
|3 June 1929||effusive-explosive||A lava flow toward Terzigno|
|18 March 1944||effusive-explosive||A lava flow invades Massa and S.Sebastiano|
At the top of the volcano is a crater rim that affords a view into the crater that still fumes slightly. Besides that you will have a stunning panorama overseeing the Bay of Naples, Capri, Ischia, the edge of the Sorrento coast and more. Everyone has to walk up the last 500m steeply uphill. Closed-in shoes are essential.
There were originally twelve towers around the walls of Pompeii; the towers were used for patrolling and for lookout posts.
These pictures show the tower of Mercury placed at the end of the Via di Mercurio, the street named after the god as there is a fountain on it with the face of Mercury. Standing just outside the northern part of the forum you can see the Tower of Mercury through the Arch of Caligula with Mt. Vesuvius in the background.
A relaxing walk along the fortifications and the necropli of the ancient Pompeii offers some exceptional sights and interesting historical cues. This tour is recommended to everybody, especially to those who desire to stay away from the beaten pats and wants to flesh out the structure of the city. Book your tour here!
BOOK YOUR TOUR AT POMPEII: