Emiliano's Pompeii and other archaeological tours

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Group’s field trip to Stabia

December, 2015

At the end of the working season as usual we have organized a day of study at the villas of ancient Stabiae.

Our archaeologist-guide Paolo Gardelli, expert of the site, accompanied us on a fantastic tour that made us discover unpublished frescoes and graffiti’s of precious archaeological site.

It is important to stay current on the latest archaeological discoveries, and we do not miss an opportunity to do so.

The day ended with a great lunch at Restaurant La Bettola del Gusto, our favourite restaurant in Pompeii.

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Pompei – Eternal Emotion

Transmitting screen emotions of those who visit Pompeii for the first time is a difficult task. In Pompeii the time has stopped and in a moment it seems to go back in time two thousand years. The director Pappi Corsicato seems to have succeeded. His work is called “Pompeii, eternal emotion”, a short film produced by Scabec – Company Cultural Heritage – on behalf of the Region, and that is being presented at the Turin Film Festival in the section Waves 2015. “Pompeii, eternal emotion” was created as a promotional video, but has now revealed a small masterpiece, with the strength of a poetic and artistic films in ten minutes is able to convey the excitement of a still image in history.

Tourists become the archaeological casts contemporaries, remain immobile, but by the flickering of the clothes, the wind in your hair, by a fluttering of eyelashes and a feeling that the static nature preserves the essence of life.

 

The cost of living in Pompeii

The cost of living in Pompeii seems to have been relatively low.

The Roman currency was comprised of coins which included asses (copper), dupondii (bronze), sestertii (bronze), denarii (silver) and aurei (gold).
Other denominations used were the quadrans, the quinarius argenteus and the quinarius aureus.

According to the sums of money found on the bodies of its inhabitants, Pompeii had some wealthy citizens.

coins in Pompeii

Some examples of basic costs are

Foodstuff:

A measure of ordinary wine     1as

A loaf of bread                          2 asses

A pound (0.33kg) of oil             2 dupondii

A modius (6.5kg) of wheat        15 dupondii

Utensils

Pot                           1 as

Plate                        1 as

Drinking cup            2 asses

General

Laundering a tunic           4 sestertii

A new tunic                     15 sestertii

1 mule                             130 denarii

1 slave                             630 denarii

Schermata 09-2457281 alle 18.27.16

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Drone experience: The Amalfi Coast

Enjoy this wonderful video showing the Amalfi Coast!

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The restoration of the bread of Pompeii

Piece by piece. With great patience, Antonio Stampone, technical Research Laboratory of the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii, is recovering along with the loaves of bread transformed into hard lumps of coal from the cloud of hot gas and ash in 79 AD, poured on the southern slope of Mount Vesuvius.

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Fresco from Pompeii, Archaeological Museum of Naples

Pane

Patience and glue. The bread in the Vesuvius, in the first century after Christ was marked in a way that it can be easily broken and divided into segments. Panis was called quadratus. The piece of bread could be obtained by breaking the loaf along the lines that branched radially from the center of the form.

With about thirty public bakeries, the pistrina, Pompeii shows, therefore, how the bread was the main food of the time. There were many types of bread: emmer, first quality, second quality, less refined, for legionnaires, for sailors, then that consumed by poor people or dogs. The work had reached perfection and the bread was also claimed in graffiti. “Viator – reciting one of them – Pompeis panem gustas, Nuceriae Bibes ‘or’ traveling, eating the bread of Pompeii but drink wine in Nocera.”

Eighty-one of the loaves sometimes fragmented to become fine powder, were found in 1862, in the oven so-called “Modesto” in the firing chamber again sealed by a little iron.

oven-in-pompeii

Emiliano shows a brick oven to bake bread

Pistrina SAP-03(1)

Millstone

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A Day in Pompeii – Full-length animation

A Day in Pompeii, a Melbourne Winter Masterpieces exhibition, was held at Melbourne Museum from 26 June to 25 October 2009. Over 330,000 people visited the exhibition — an average of more than 2,700 per day — making it the most popular traveling exhibition ever staged by an Australian museum.

Zero One created the animation for an immersive 3D theatre installation which gave visitors a chance to feel the same drama and terror of the town’s citizens long ago, and witness how a series of eruptions wiped out Pompeii over 48 hours.

Copyright 2010 Zero One Animation and Melbourne Museum.

Pompeian bodies from the ash

The plaster casts of Pompeii will be transferred to the restoration laboratory of the Superintendence Department in order to be studied with X ray investigations and scanner reconstruction.

The restoration of the Vesuvian ancient inhabitants is provided for the Great Pompeii Project and more than twenty of them will be on view at the exhibitionPompeii and Europe. 1748-1943” planned on May 27th in the Amphitheater in Pompeii.

This great exhibition project will collect testimonies from the first excavation in 1748 to the dramatic bombing of 1943.

Schermata 03-2456356 alle 12.02.08 Schermata 2015-05-14 alle 19.32.21Schermata 03-2456356 alle 12.02.03

How and Why They Were Created

Giuseppe Fiorelli (1823 – 1896 Naples) was an Italian archaeologist.

He was director of the excavations of Pompeii after the unification of Italy. He conducted excavations in a systematic and scientific rigor, reorganized the archaeological area in regiones (quarters) and insulae (blocks).

It is due to his intuition the possibility of obtaining plaster casts of the victims of the eruption.
The Giuseppe Fiorelli’s technique consists in pour liquid plaster into the vacuum left in the ash when the bodies had decomposed to recreate the figures at the moment of their death.

Schermata 2015-05-14 alle 19.39.14
This technique can be used for any material that decomposes, particularly wood, it has allowed to be made of doors, windows, stairs and other parts of the houses in Pompeii.

plaster casts

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