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At the end of the working season as usual we have organized a day of study at the villas of ancient Stabiae.
Our archaeologist-guide Paolo Gardelli, expert of the site, accompanied us on a fantastic tour that made us discover unpublished frescoes and graffiti’s of precious archaeological site.
It is important to stay current on the latest archaeological discoveries, and we do not miss an opportunity to do so.
The day ended with a great lunch at Restaurant La Bettola del Gusto, our favourite restaurant in Pompeii.
Transmitting screen emotions of those who visit Pompeii for the first time is a difficult task. In Pompeii the time has stopped and in a moment it seems to go back in time two thousand years. The director Pappi Corsicato seems to have succeeded. His work is called “Pompeii, eternal emotion”, a short film produced by Scabec – Company Cultural Heritage – on behalf of the Region, and that is being presented at the Turin Film Festival in the section Waves 2015. “Pompeii, eternal emotion” was created as a promotional video, but has now revealed a small masterpiece, with the strength of a poetic and artistic films in ten minutes is able to convey the excitement of a still image in history.
Tourists become the archaeological casts contemporaries, remain immobile, but by the flickering of the clothes, the wind in your hair, by a fluttering of eyelashes and a feeling that the static nature preserves the essence of life.
Wiki Loves Monuments is an international photo contest for monuments, organized by Wikimedia this September.
Wikimedia is the movement behind Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia – a global collaboration authored by volunteers.
Cultural heritage is an important part of the knowledge Wikipedia collects and disseminates. Everybody can contribute images as well as write articles. An image is worth a thousand words, in every language at once and local enthusiasts can (re)discover the cultural, historical, or scientific significance of their neighbourhood.
Felicia, one of the guides of our staff, was the official guide during the experience “Wiki loves monuments” in Pompeii.
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The cost of living in Pompeii seems to have been relatively low.
The Roman currency was comprised of coins which included asses (copper), dupondii (bronze), sestertii (bronze), denarii (silver) and aurei (gold).
Other denominations used were the quadrans, the quinarius argenteus and the quinarius aureus.
According to the sums of money found on the bodies of its inhabitants, Pompeii had some wealthy citizens.
Some examples of basic costs are
A measure of ordinary wine 1as
A loaf of bread 2 asses
A pound (0.33kg) of oil 2 dupondii
A modius (6.5kg) of wheat 15 dupondii
Pot 1 as
Plate 1 as
Drinking cup 2 asses
Laundering a tunic 4 sestertii
A new tunic 15 sestertii
1 mule 130 denarii
1 slave 630 denarii
The German archaeologist August Mau was the first scholar to classify the Pompeian painting in four styles.
The first style, called structural style, referring to the period from the third to the first century BC, was an imitation stucco, often in relief. Significant examples of this style can be found in the House of the Faun in Pompeii and House Sannitica in Herculaneum.
The second style, described in detail by Vitruvius, called architectural style, was introduced in the first century BC, it reworked some element of the previous style. Inspired by the scene of the Hellenistic-Roman theater of shows structures and columns, floral elements and animals and illusionistic realism. Examples II style are in the triclinium of the Villa Oplontis, in the Villa of the Mysteries, and the frescoes from the Villa Boscoreale, now preserved at Metropolitan Museum of New York and at the Archaeological Museum of Naples.
The third style, called Pompeian style or ornamental, is caratherized by optical illusion, replaced by solid funds, usually in black, red or white, with a central miniaturistic paintings with mythological episode. Some of the finest examples of the third style can be admired in the House of the Vetti and the House of Lucretius Fronto.
The fourth style, called fantastic style, shows scenes of heroic-mythological and allegorical figures, painted in warm colors and depicting accessory elements in yellow gold. Many houses were redecorated after the violent earthquake of 62 AD. The House of the Tragic Poet, one of the Vetti and the Menander in Pompeii, the Shrine of the Augustals and the Casa dei Cervi at Herculaneum have some of the finest examples of decorations in the fourth style.
Piece by piece. With great patience, Antonio Stampone, technical Research Laboratory of the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii, is recovering along with the loaves of bread transformed into hard lumps of coal from the cloud of hot gas and ash in 79 AD, poured on the southern slope of Mount Vesuvius.
Patience and glue. The bread in the Vesuvius, in the first century after Christ was marked in a way that it can be easily broken and divided into segments. Panis was called quadratus. The piece of bread could be obtained by breaking the loaf along the lines that branched radially from the center of the form.
With about thirty public bakeries, the pistrina, Pompeii shows, therefore, how the bread was the main food of the time. There were many types of bread: emmer, first quality, second quality, less refined, for legionnaires, for sailors, then that consumed by poor people or dogs. The work had reached perfection and the bread was also claimed in graffiti. “Viator – reciting one of them – Pompeis panem gustas, Nuceriae Bibes ‘or’ traveling, eating the bread of Pompeii but drink wine in Nocera.”
Eighty-one of the loaves sometimes fragmented to become fine powder, were found in 1862, in the oven so-called “Modesto” in the firing chamber again sealed by a little iron.
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A great exhibition project to recount the fascination that the archaeological site of Pompeii held for artists and the European imagination, from the start of excavations in 1748 to its dramatic bombing in 1943.
Pompeii and Europe. 1748–1943, the exhibition devised by the Superintendent for Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae Massimo Osanna, unfolds along a twofold route, at the National Archaeological Museum in Naples and simultaneously at the Amphitheater in Pompeii.
A temporary 12-metre wooden pyramid will house exhibition on Pompeii.
Inside are the casts of 20 victims buried by ash during the 79AD eruption
The installation was designed by renowned Italian architect Francesco Venezia.
The shape is said to be a tribute to the temple of the Egyptian goddess Isis, one of the first to be discovered by archaeologists in town
The plaster casts are placed in the centre, while the exhibition also features archival photographs documenting the work in the excavations in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Excavations of Pompeii – Amphitheater
Open daily, 9:00 →19.00
until October 31, 2015
last admission at 6 pm
1st and 2nd November
last admission at 15.30