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The statue represents the spear-bearer. This statue is located at the Archaeological Museum of Naples and it is one of the best copies we receive from history. T
he original statue was executed in bronze by Polykleitos around 440 BC with the purpose to represent the ideal of harmony of the greek man, kalòs Kai agathòs (physically beautiful and intelligent).
The beauty of a body born from the exact proportion of all its parts.
The perfect anatomy of the figure follows a rhythm between tenance and flexing of the muscles, giving a shape reminiscent of the X, the letter chi in greek language.
This marble copy was found in Pompeii in the Samnite Gym , a building built in the second century BC This building was probably the seat of youth associations in which it recognized the heroic characteristics to mythical figures such as Achilles.
Pliny wrote: “..once the statues were dressed with a toga, but then liked the naked statue leading a spear that resembles that of the Efebi located in the gymnasiums, called Achilee …” (Pliny, Naturalis Historia, 34,10,84)
The spear was probably a javelin called akòntion.
The races javelin looked like the exercises of war and hunting.
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