Pompeian Styles

The German archaeologist August Mau was the first scholar to classify the Pompeian painting in four styles.

805

The first style, called structural style,  referring to the period from the third to the first century BC, was an imitation stucco, often in relief.  Significant examples of this style can be found in the House of the Faun in Pompeii and House Sannitica in Herculaneum.

Herculaneum_Wall_1.Style Casa-di-Sallustio-Pompeii

The second  style, described in detail by Vitruvius, called architectural style, was introduced in the first century  BC, it reworked some element  of the previous style. Inspired by the scene of the Hellenistic-Roman theater of shows structures and  columns, floral elements and animals and illusionistic realism. Examples II style are in the triclinium of the Villa Oplontis, in the Villa of the Mysteries, and the frescoes from the Villa Boscoreale, now preserved at Metropolitan Museum of New York and at the Archaeological Museum of Naples.

Oplontis_room15

The third style, called Pompeian style or ornamental, is caratherized by optical illusion, replaced by solid funds, usually in black, red or white, with a central miniaturistic paintings with mythological episode.  Some of the finest examples of the third style can be admired in the House of the Vetti and the House of Lucretius Fronto.

Oplontis_Caldarium_room8

The fourth style, called fantastic style, shows scenes of heroic-mythological and allegorical figures, painted in warm colors and depicting accessory elements in yellow gold. Many houses were redecorated after the violent earthquake of 62 AD. The House of the Tragic Poet, one of the Vetti and the Menander in Pompeii, the Shrine of the Augustals and the Casa dei Cervi at Herculaneum have some of the finest examples of decorations in the fourth style.

Casa_dei_vettii_ixion

BOOK YOUR TOUR WITH US!

Published by Emiliano's Archaeological Tours

My name is Emiliano Tufano, I am an archaeologist and tour guide. I run an organization providing archeaological and cultural tours in Campania. When I was ten years old I found a piece of painted pottery on a small piece of land belonging to my family, which is located nearby the ancient Greek city of Paestum. For the whole of that day I kept this piece of history in my hands. I remember that it was decorated with a black figured scene of a Satyr driving a biga. The feeling I had when realized it was a genuine antique object was very strong, and I started asking myself many questions about the people who occupied that area across the centuries and, particularly, about the man who made such a beautiful piece of work. Since then I started collecting all sorts of pots and stones that I found while I wandered through the countryside. I used to divide my finds simply on the basis of their shape and color. They were the first steps of me becoming an archaeologist. At school, history was my favorite subject; therefore my decision of which degree course to choose was an easy one, Archaeology. Today, archaeology is my profession and my passion. Throughout the years I developed skills in fieldwork and academic research. I participated as a field director in several excavation projects of fundamental importance across Italy and I was engaged in significant academic research projects in Sicily, Tunisia and Libya. I now fulfill my ambition with a PhD project about the Sicilian prehistory. However, my interests go beyond just the history. I have a strong creative side and I love photography, and I write articles for a newspaper in my local area, play football and enjoy diving. I enjoy traveling and have been to many different countries, where I always make particular efforts to learn as much of the local language and culture as possible. In 2010 I became qualified to work as a tourist guide of the Campania Region, and today I offer guided tours in Italian, English and Spanish. I live my job with passion and professionalism. With me you can visit the wonders of Campania: the Vesuvian archaeological sites of Pompeii, Herculaneum and other beautiful sites, such as the historic centers of Naples, Caserta and Salerno, the Amalfi Coast and Sorrento Coast, all the major churches and museums. Through exclusive and tailor-made tours, according to your requirements, you will receive quality service and cultural enrichment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: