The restoration of the bread of Pompeii

Piece by piece. With great patience, Antonio Stampone, technical Research Laboratory of the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii, is recovering along with the loaves of bread transformed into hard lumps of coal from the cloud of hot gas and ash in 79 AD, poured on the southern slope of Mount Vesuvius.

544px-salebreadmannapoliinv9071n01
Fresco from Pompeii, Archaeological Museum of Naples

Pane

Patience and glue. The bread in the Vesuvius, in the first century after Christ was marked in a way that it can be easily broken and divided into segments. Panis was called quadratus. The piece of bread could be obtained by breaking the loaf along the lines that branched radially from the center of the form.

With about thirty public bakeries, the pistrina, Pompeii shows, therefore, how the bread was the main food of the time. There were many types of bread: emmer, first quality, second quality, less refined, for legionnaires, for sailors, then that consumed by poor people or dogs. The work had reached perfection and the bread was also claimed in graffiti. “Viator – reciting one of them – Pompeis panem gustas, Nuceriae Bibes ‘or’ traveling, eating the bread of Pompeii but drink wine in Nocera.”

Eighty-one of the loaves sometimes fragmented to become fine powder, were found in 1862, in the oven so-called “Modesto” in the firing chamber again sealed by a little iron.

oven-in-pompeii
Emiliano shows a brick oven to bake bread
Pistrina SAP-03(1)
Millstone

If you want to know more book a tour with us!

Published by Askos Tours

'Specialising in archaeology and art tours, Askos Tours aims to bring Italy’s cultural riches to life in an insightful and entertaining way. As well as trips around Naples — the bustling, atmospheric Campanian capital — Askos Tours can also arrange a variety of travel experiences for visitors looking to make unforgettable Italian memories, with particular expertise in Pompeii, Herculaneum, Amalfi, Sorrento, Capri, Positano, Rome and the Vatican. Askos Tours strives to offer the very best in private and small group tours in order to help travellers gain a deeper understanding of the world of archaeology, art and local traditions.'

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: