The plaster casts of Pompeii will be transferred to the restoration laboratory of the Superintendence Department in order to be studied with X ray investigations and scanner reconstruction.
The restoration of the Vesuvian ancient inhabitants is provided for the Great Pompeii Project and more than twenty of them will be on view at the exhibition “Pompeii and Europe. 1748-1943” planned on May 27th in the Amphitheater in Pompeii.
This great exhibition project will collect testimonies from the first excavation in 1748 to the dramatic bombing of 1943.
How and Why They Were Created
Giuseppe Fiorelli (1823 – 1896 Naples) was an Italian archaeologist.
He was director of the excavations of Pompeii after the unification of Italy. He conducted excavations in a systematic and scientific rigor, reorganized the archaeological area in regiones (quarters) and insulae (blocks).
It is due to his intuition the possibility of obtaining plaster casts of the victims of the eruption.
The Giuseppe Fiorelli’s technique consists in pour liquid plaster into the vacuum left in the ash when the bodies had decomposed to recreate the figures at the moment of their death.